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Active traffic management on road networks: a macroscopic approach

Alex A. Kurzhanskiy and Pravin Varaiya
Philosophical Transactions: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Vol. 368, No. 1928, Traffic jams: dynamics and control (13 October 2010), pp. 4607-4626
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20752683
Page Count: 20
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Active traffic management on road networks: a macroscopic approach
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Abstract

Active traffic management (ATM) is the ability to dynamically manage recurrent and non-recurrent congestion based on prevailing traffic conditions in order to maximize the effectiveness and efficiency of road networks. It is a continuous process of (i) obtaining and analysing traffic measurement data, (ii) operations planning, i.e. simulating various scenarios and control strategies, (iii) implementing the most promising control strategies in the field, and (iv) maintaining a real-time decision support system that filters current traffic measurements to predict the traffic state in the near future, and to suggest the best available control strategy for the predicted situation. ATM relies on a fast and trusted traffic simulator for the rapid quantitative assessment of a large number of control strategies for the road network under various scenarios, in a matter of minutes. The open-source macrosimulation tool Aurora Road Network Modeler is a good candidate for this purpose. The paper describes the underlying dynamical traffic model and what it takes to prepare the model for simulation; covers the traffic performance measures and evaluation of scenarios as part of operations planning; introduces the framework within which the control strategies are modelled and evaluated; and presents the algorithm for real-time traffic state estimation and short-term prediction.

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