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The Economic Structure of Russian Towns in the Second Half of the 18th and the First Half of the 19th Centuries

Boris N. Mironov
Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung
Vol. 16, No. 2 (58), Quantitative Methods in Soviet Historiography (1991), pp. 128-143
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20754583
Page Count: 16
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The Economic Structure of Russian Towns in the Second Half of the 18th and the First Half of the 19th Centuries
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Abstract

The economic structure of Russian towns in the second part of the 18th and first part of the 19th centuries is analysed. The author emploies a functional approach to classify towns according to their economic types in the 1760s, 1790s and 1850s. The functional approach of the classification of towns allowed to embrace all historically and geografically diverse types of towns, avoiding overestimations of some types of activities and underestimation on the other. The analysis shows that in the Russian towns according to their functions the prevailing type of the urban settlement was the agrarian, administrative-military town. The conversion of the town from the mainly agrarian into mainly industrial commercial centre occured only by the mid-19th century.

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