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SOZIALE UNGLEICHHEIT UND BERUF - ZUR PROBLEMATIK DER ERFASSUNG DES MERKMALS 'BERUF' BEI DER SOZIALSTRUKTURANALYSE GEGENWÄRTIGER UND HISTORISCHER GESELLSCHAFTEN -

Karl-Wilhelm Grümer
Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung
No. 32 (October 1984), pp. 4-36
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20754938
Page Count: 33
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
SOZIALE UNGLEICHHEIT UND BERUF - ZUR PROBLEMATIK DER ERFASSUNG DES MERKMALS 'BERUF' BEI DER SOZIALSTRUKTURANALYSE GEGENWÄRTIGER UND HISTORISCHER GESELLSCHAFTEN -
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Abstract

The occupation is one of the most widely used variables in social sciences especially in the social structure analysis of sociology and social history: it is one of the best predictors for human behavior and attitudes. Starting with some theoretical considerations of Marx, Weber and others about the general importance of this variable for the analysis of social inequality, we discuss the problems regarding the development of occupational classifications in both disciplines. By means of these classifications it is argued that there is a great need for a general classification system rather in social history than in sociology because the latter has already made a lot of progress in this respect. But the call for a systematical concept of occupations or occupational activities especially with regard to a hierarchical interpreted system remains an order for the future that - despite all of the specified problems - can be reached only step by step.

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