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Das Ch'uan-ya und die Praxis chinesischer Landärzte im 18. Jahrhundert

Paul U. Unschuld
Sudhoffs Archiv
Bd. 62, H. 4 (1978 4. QUARTAL), pp. 378-407
Published by: Franz Steiner Verlag
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20776566
Page Count: 32
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Das Ch'uan-ya und die Praxis chinesischer Landärzte im 18. Jahrhundert
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Abstract

The Ch'uan-ya is a unique work in the history of Chinese medicine. It lists more than 1000 prescriptions against human, animal, fish and plant diseases as well as numerous formulas for non-medical manipulations such as deletion of written characters from documents. The Ch'uan-ya was compiled in 1759 by Chao Hsüeh-min, a learned author, partly according to the notes of an itinerant physician named Tsung Po-yün. In this work the concepts of yinyang and Five Phases are almost completely missing; the author relates a pharmacology which is completely different from the classical theories of Chinese medicine. In introductory remarks Chao Hsüeh-min provides the reader with examples of a secret terminology employed by itinerant healers and depicts some of the ethical principles of these people. Most remarkable is their practice of "planting" diseases in healthy patients. This analysis of the Ch'uan-ya provides a history of the textus receptus, translations of two prefaces, a summary of the contents of the entire book, and a complete translation of the chapter on "spell drugs" with its 37 paragraphs.

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