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Understanding Political Change in Post-Soviet Societies: A Further Commentary on Finifter and Mickiewicz

Arthur H. Miller, William M. Reisinger and Vicki L. Hesli
The American Political Science Review
Vol. 90, No. 1 (Mar., 1996), pp. 153-166
DOI: 10.2307/2082804
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2082804
Page Count: 14
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Understanding Political Change in Post-Soviet Societies: A Further Commentary on Finifter and Mickiewicz
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Abstract

Modernization theory suggests that in the post-World War II period increased education promoted public support for democratic principles and an individual opportunities society in the former Soviet Union. Finifter and Mickiewicz (1992), however, based on a 1989 survey in the Soviet Union, found that the less well educated were more supportive of individual locus of control than were the better educated. Examining survey data collected in the former USSR during 1990, 1991, 1992, and 1995, we find consistent reconfirmation of the modernization theory, despite a major decline in support for an opportunities society that occurs between 1992 and 1995. This recent increase in preference for socialism is explained by rising nationalism, growing nostalgia for communists, and disillusionment with certain aspects of the market economy, particularly the perceived growth of social inequality.

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