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Norm Qualities and Differential Effects of Deviant Behavior: An Exploratory Analysis
Ephraim H. Mizruchi and Robert Perrucci
American Sociological Review
Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jun., 1962), pp. 391-399
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2089800
Page Count: 9
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The proscriptive and prescriptive dimensions of norms may provide an important focus for the emergence of an empirically based theory of norms. It is hypothesized that the qualitative characteristic of the norm plays an important role in system maintenance when the system is exposed to normative strain. Data dealing with alcohol pathology were examined in relation to prescription-proscription and four sub-dimensions of norms: (1) elasticity; (2) elaboration; (3) pervasiveness; and (4) functional interrelatedness. Types of group reactions to normative strain include: (1) retrenchment; (2) regeneration; (3) rational-scientific innovation; and (4) permissiveness.
American Sociological Review © 1962 American Sociological Association