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The Civilian Earnings of White and Black Draftees and Nonveterans

Phillips Cutright
American Sociological Review
Vol. 39, No. 3 (Jun., 1974), pp. 317-327
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2094292
Page Count: 11
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Civilian Earnings of White and Black Draftees and Nonveterans
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Abstract

The impact of military service as a career contingency affecting adult economic status is examined with a national probability sample of men given preinduction exams by Selective Service in the early 1950's. Civilian earnings in 1964 of former draftees and three types of non-veterans are compared after controlling race, region of employment, academic achievement, and years of education. Comparison of the earnings differences show most draftees with earnings equal to or below those of nonveterans. After the probable negative effect of service on draftee earnings has been removed, the remaining earnings difference is discussed. The operation of selection factors that bias earnings comparisons is evaluated. The hypothesis that military service provides a "bridging environment" that facilitates post-service economic achievement by minority and certain white males otherwise very likely to have low civilian earnings is not supported.

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