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Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation
David A. Snow, E. Burke Rochford, Jr., Steven K. Worden and Robert D. Benford
American Sociological Review
Vol. 51, No. 4 (Aug., 1986), pp. 464-481
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095581
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Social movements, Peace movements, Micromobilization, Political sociology, Social psychology, Collective action, Observational research, Meetings, Political protests, Social interaction
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This paper attempts to further theoretical and empirical understanding of adherent and constituent mobilization by proposing and analyzing frame alignment as a conceptual bridge linking social psychological and resource mobilization views on movement participation. Extension of Goffman's (1974) frame analytic perspective provides the conceptual/theoretical framework; field research on two religious movements, the peace movement, and several neighborhood movements provide the primary empirical base. Four frame alignment processes are identified and elaborated: frame bridging, frame amplification, frame extension, and frame transformation. The basic underlying premise is that frame alignment, of one variety or another, is a necessary condition for participation, whatever its nature or intensity, and that it is typically an interactional and ongoing accomplishment. The paper concludes with an elaboration of several sets of theoretical and research implications.
American Sociological Review © 1986 American Sociological Association