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Macro-Micro Links in Gender Stratification: 1989 Presidential Address
American Sociological Review
Vol. 55, No. 1 (Feb., 1990), pp. 1-10
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095699
Page Count: 10
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Since the study of macro and micro interrelations requires measurement of reciprocal effects over time, the problem is usually conceptualized more narrowly. This paper demonstrates how macro-micro links in a theory of gender stratification can put societal problems in context and show how these problems are reflected in individual lives. Industrialization disturbed gender stratification patterns when macrotrends in mortality, education, fertility, labor force participation, and artificial infant feeding (which enabled a baby to survive separation from its mother) increased women's productivity compared to men's. But the same trends so increased the cost of children that population maintenance has become a problem in the West. Measures to stabilize fertility must spread childrearing costs more widely, thereby improving women's status.
American Sociological Review © 1990 American Sociological Association