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Occupational Power, State Capacities, and the Diffusion of Licensing in the American States: 1890 to 1950

Xueguang Zhou
American Sociological Review
Vol. 58, No. 4 (Aug., 1993), pp. 536-552
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096075
Page Count: 17
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Occupational Power, State Capacities, and the Diffusion of Licensing in the American States: 1890 to 1950
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Abstract

I examine the contributions of occupational power, state capacities, and diffusion processes to the variation among states in licensing occupations. Analysis of 30 occupations between 1890 and 1950 shows that occupational power promotes licensing legislation, but state governments also play a significant role. The state's role differs by type of occupation. Licensing legislation diffuses across states for specific occupations. These findings raise questions for perspectives that treat licensing as undifferentiated and see the state as a captive of industry and occupational groups.

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