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Affect and Social Exchange: Satisfaction in Power-Dependence Relations

Linda D. Molm
American Sociological Review
Vol. 56, No. 4 (Aug., 1991), pp. 475-493
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096269
Page Count: 19
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Affect and Social Exchange: Satisfaction in Power-Dependence Relations
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Abstract

Recent theory and research on social exchange neglects a central concern of early exchange theorists: the satisfaction of actors with their relations. I apply the framework of contemporary exchange theory to the analysis of satisfaction using data from a series of experiments on power in exchange networks. I investigate four main questions: (1) how the base of power (reward or punishment) affects the relation between outcomes and satisfaction; (2) how within- and between-relation outcome comparisons affect satisfaction in negatively-connected exchange networks; (3) how dynamic exchange processes, net of exchange outcomes, affect satisfaction; and (4) how actors' positions of power affect each of these relations. Based on a theoretical analysis of how the structure, process, and outcomes of exchange should affect actors' expectations, I test predictions of their effects on satisfaction. The results provide substantial support for the hypotheses.

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