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Birmingham Confrontation Reconsidered: An Analysis of the Dynamics and Tactics of Mobilization
Aldon D. Morris
American Sociological Review
Vol. 58, No. 5 (Oct., 1993), pp. 621-636
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096278
Page Count: 16
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Violence, Political protests, Social protests, Boycotts, Social movements, Political campaigns, Civil rights movements, Downtowns, Demand, Jails
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Recent studies of the nonviolent civil rights movement maintain that the 1963 confrontation in Birmingham, Alabama succeeded because the movement's leaders deliberately provoked violence by whites. The violence forced the federal government to intervene, bringing victory for the movement. I challenge this thesis by examining the tactics and mobilization tools of the Birmingham movement. Evidence indicates that the local movement, because of its capacity for mobilization and its use of multiple tactics, generated the power that led to victory. A general discussion of social movement tactics derives from this case study. A social movement's internal organization, mobilization capacity, and tactical effectiveness are crucial to its failure or success.
American Sociological Review © 1993 American Sociological Association