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The Individualist Polity and the Prevalence of Professionalized Psychology: A Cross-National Study
David John Frank, John W. Meyer and David Miyahara
American Sociological Review
Vol. 60, No. 3 (Jun., 1995), pp. 360-377
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2096419
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Social psychology, Individualism, Psychology, Developmental psychology, Polities, Cultural psychology, Authorship attribution, Economic models, Psychometrics, Rationalization
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Contemporary societies are organized around models in which both collective and individual goods, resources, and other properties are central. These models are highly developed and rationalized so that scientific and cultural scrutiny of their core elements are highly legitimated. In almost all of these models, the individual is such a core element--as an ultimate sovereign, beneficiary, and as a component of the collective. This produces social arrangements in which scientized and professionalized attention to the inner structure and behavior of the individual receives much public attention. Using multiple indicator models, we show that those modern polities strongly centered on the individual as a core component create higher levels of professionalized psychology than do other polities, even when general social and economic resources and complexity (and some other controls) are held constant.
American Sociological Review © 1995 American Sociological Association