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Estimating the Employment Effects of Wage Discrimination
Majorie Baldwin and William G. Johnson
The Review of Economics and Statistics
Vol. 74, No. 3 (Aug., 1992), pp. 446-455
Published by: The MIT Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2109489
Page Count: 10
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If labor supply curves are not perfectly inelastic, wage discrimination induces some minority workers to leave the labor force. Studies of discrimination that focus only on wage differentials overlook these disincentive effects on minority employment. This article introduces a method of estimating the employment effects of wage discrimination and applies it to data on men and women from the 1984 Survey of Income and Program Participation. We find that wage discrimination against women caused a net loss of over four million jobs, supporting Becker's contention that discriminatory employers use labor inefficiently.
The Review of Economics and Statistics © 1992 The MIT Press