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Productivity Across Industries and Countries: Time Series Theory and Evidence

Andrew B. Bernard and Charles I. Jones
The Review of Economics and Statistics
Vol. 78, No. 1 (Feb., 1996), pp. 135-146
Published by: The MIT Press
DOI: 10.2307/2109853
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2109853
Page Count: 12
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Productivity Across Industries and Countries: Time Series Theory and Evidence
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Abstract

We examine whether convergence in aggregate productivity is also occurring at the industry level in 14 OECD countries from 1970-1987. Using both cross-section and time series methods, we find convergence in some sectors, such as services. However, surprisingly, we find that convergence does not hold for the manufacturing sector. Decomposing aggregate convergence into industry productivity gains and changing sectoral shares of output, we find the service sector to be responsible for the bulk of cross-country convergence to the United States. We develop a new result on the asymptotic normality of panel unit root estimators to formally test within sector convergence.

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