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Do Hostile Takeovers Reduce Extramarginal Wage Payments?

Jagadeesh Gokhale, Erica L. Groshen and David Neumark
The Review of Economics and Statistics
Vol. 77, No. 3 (Aug., 1995), pp. 470-485
Published by: The MIT Press
DOI: 10.2307/2109908
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2109908
Page Count: 16
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Do Hostile Takeovers Reduce Extramarginal Wage Payments?
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Abstract

We study the relationship between proxies for extramarginal wage payments and subsequent hostile takeover activity, and find little evidence that the takeovers are motivated by the expropriation of extramarginal wages. Then, using data on wage and employment structures both before and after takeovers, we investigate whether proxies for extramarginal wage payments drop after hostile takeovers. The ex post experiments provide evidence consistent with one version of the expropriation hypothesis. Although our findings do not suggest that hostile takeovers reduce workers' shares of rents, such takeovers do appear to reduce extramarginal wage payments to more-tenured workers in two ways: first, by reducing employment of more-senior workers; and second, by flattening wage-seniority profiles in firms or establishments with relatively senior work forces.

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