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Constituency Opinion and Congressional Behavior: A Reexamination of the Miller-Stokes Representation Data

Robert S. Erikson
American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 22, No. 3 (Aug., 1978), pp. 511-535
DOI: 10.2307/2110459
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110459
Page Count: 25
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Constituency Opinion and Congressional Behavior: A Reexamination of the Miller-Stokes Representation Data
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Abstract

Reexamining Miller and Stokes's 1958 representation data, this article demonstrates that Miller and Stokes may have underestimated the extent of congressional representation in their classic study. It is argued that the correlations between sampled constituency opinion and congressional behavior are more seriously attenuated by sampling error than has been recognized. Unlike sampled constituency opinion, measures of constituency opinion based on simulation are shown to correlate relatively highly with congressional behavior. Evidence is presented which indicates that elections are a major source of this representation.

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