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Continuity and Change in Gaullism: The General's Legacy

David R. Cameron and Richard I. Hofferbert
American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 17, No. 1 (Feb., 1973), pp. 77-98
DOI: 10.2307/2110475
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110475
Page Count: 22
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Continuity and Change in Gaullism: The General's Legacy
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Abstract

One of the most important developments in the French Fifth Republic has been the growth in mass support for the Gaullist party and the erosion of support for and ultimate rejection of de Gaulle. One possible explanation is explored here--that the personalistic and charismatic mode of mobilization of support for de Gaulle manifested in referenda was institutionalized in the political system, first by the introduction of direct election of the president, and subsequently by the growth and change in bases of support for the Gaullist party. In order to test this thesis, an analysis is performed on aggregate political and socioeconomic data for the 1958-1973 period. The authors find a high degree of continuity in the bases of Gaullist support in referenda and presidential elections, and a major change, between 1962-1967, in the bases of party support. The patterns which have emerged as a result of this change lead the authors to conclude that the institutionalization thesis is valid.

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