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Political Leadership and the Development of Political Cleavages: Imperial Germany, 1871-1912

William Claggett, Jeffrey Loesch, W. Phillips Shively and Ronald Snell
American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 26, No. 4 (Nov., 1982), pp. 643-663
DOI: 10.2307/2110966
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2110966
Page Count: 21
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Political Leadership and the Development of Political Cleavages: Imperial Germany, 1871-1912
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Abstract

We develop surrogate measures for the mutual proximity of parties. Taken as a whole, these proximities constitute a system of political cleavages. The study follows the German system of political cleavages as it evolved 1781-1912 and gives special attention to the relative importance of (1) social and grass-roots sources of the system and (2) the role of national political leadership in shaping it. We conclude that both are involved in developing the system through an interactive process.

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