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Sex and the Caucus Participant: The Gender Gap and Presidential Nominations

Ronald B. Rapoport, Walter J. Stone and Alan I. Abramowitz
American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 34, No. 3 (Aug., 1990), pp. 725-740
DOI: 10.2307/2111396
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2111396
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Sex and the Caucus Participant: The Gender Gap and Presidential Nominations
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Abstract

Most analysis of the gender gap has focused on the mass electorate. But over the past 20 years, women have also come to play a much more important role in presidential nominations in both parties. Looking at caucus participants across parties, we find sex differences greater than those discovered at the mass level. Female caucus participants are significantly more liberal than males. Within each party sex differences are strong for women's issues and foreign policy issues; and for both sets of issues the differences are greater within the Republican party. Sex differences hold up with controls for demographics as well. The strong findings on sex differences in attitudes fail to translate into sex differences in candidate choice. Confronted with a very complicated political environment, both males and females choose candidates on largely nonideological bases.

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