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Social Movement Continuity: The Women's Movement in Abeyance
American Sociological Review
Vol. 54, No. 5 (Oct., 1989), pp. 761-775
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2117752
Page Count: 15
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This article uses social movement and organization theory to develop a set of concepts that help explain social movement continuity. The theory is grounded in new data on women's rights activism from 1945 to the 1960s that challenge the traditional view that the American women's movement died after the suffrage victory in 1920 and was reborn in the 1960s. This case delineates a process in social movements that allows challenging groups to continue in nonreceptive political climates through social movement abeyance structures. Five characteristics of movement abeyance structures are identified and elaborated: temporality, purposive commitment, exclusiveness, centralization, and culture. Thus, social movement abeyance structures provide organizational and ideological bridges between different upsurges of activism by the same challenging group.
American Sociological Review © 1989 American Sociological Association