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Inequality and Childhood Mortality: A Comparison of England and Wales, 1911, and the United States, 1900

Michael R. Haines
The Journal of Economic History
Vol. 45, No. 4 (Dec., 1985), pp. 885-912
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2121885
Page Count: 28
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Inequality and Childhood Mortality: A Comparison of England and Wales, 1911, and the United States, 1900
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Abstract

An index of childhood mortality is proposed as a good measure of socioeconomic well-being and inequality. The index is used to investigate the relationship between childhood mortality and occupation and income of parents. The sources consist of the 1900 United States Census public-use sample and the published 1911 Census of Marriage and Fertility of England and Wales. Results revealed more inequality in mortality and income across social-class groupings in England and Wales than in the United States. The outcome arose more because of relatively higher childhood mortality for white-collar groups in the United States than because of a better situation for blue-collar groups.

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