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Journal Article

Authority and Efficiency: The Labor Market and the Managerial Revolution of the Late Nineteenth Century

Gregory Clark
The Journal of Economic History
Vol. 44, No. 4 (Dec., 1984), pp. 1069-1083
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2122119
Page Count: 15
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Authority and Efficiency: The Labor Market and the Managerial Revolution of the Late Nineteenth Century
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Abstract

The managerial revolution resulted in the concentration of production decisions in the hands of management. Radical economists and historians have disputed the conventional view that these changes in work organization were necessary to increase production efficiency. Yet curiously there seem to be few issues of fact in dispute between the radical and the conventional accounts. I offer here an interpretation of the radical position which explains why this is so, and why profitable and efficient organizations of work will differ in capitalist economies. The argument hinges on the conditions under which workers were able to act collectively.

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