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After the Famine: Emigration from Ireland, 1850-1913

Timothy J. Hatton and Jeffrey G. Williamson
The Journal of Economic History
Vol. 53, No. 3 (Sep., 1993), pp. 575-600
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2122406
Page Count: 26
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After the Famine: Emigration from Ireland, 1850-1913
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Abstract

This article examines the determinants of emigration from post-Famine Ireland. As Irish real wages rose relative to those in destination countries, the emigration rate fell. We argue, from time series analysis, that much of the secular fall in the rate can be explained by that narrowing of the wage gap. County-level, cross-sectional analysis of emigration rates indicates that poverty and low wages, large family size, and limited opportunities to acquire smallholdings all contributed to high rates of emigration. Changes in those variables over time reflect the rise in living standards, consistent with time series evidence.

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