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The Role of High-Risk Occupations in the Spread of AIDS: Truck Drivers and Itinerant Market Women in Nigeria
I. O. Orubuloye, Pat Caldwell and John C. Caldwell
International Family Planning Perspectives
Vol. 19, No. 2 (Jun., 1993), pp. 43-48+71
Published by: Guttmacher Institute
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2133418
Page Count: 7
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A study of 258 truck drivers and 467 itinerant female hawkers in Ibadan, Nigeria, reveals that occupational demands have resulted in a network of multiple sex partners that may spread AIDS to and through Nigeria. Although 78% of the truck drivers are currently married, only 5% report having no regular sex partners besides their wife. The drivers say they have an average of six regular sex partners, about one woman at each of their overnight stops. During the year prior to the 1991 interview, the drivers report having an average of 12 partners besides their wife, and the lifetime number of partners is 25. Forty-four percent of the drivers have been treated for a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Nearly all drivers have heard of AIDS, but only 15% use condoms regularly. The female hawkers, who sell a wide variety of goods at truck stops, average 20 years of age and report their median age at onset of sexual activity to be 14. Most of the women are single, 95% are sexually experienced, and half acknowledge supplementing their income from hawking goods by providing sex for money. More than 20% report having had an STD.
International Family Planning Perspectives © 1993 Guttmacher Institute