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Effects of State Welfare, Abortion and Family Planning Policies on Premarital Childbearing Among White Adolescents

Shelly Lundberg and Robert D. Plotnick
Family Planning Perspectives
Vol. 22, No. 6 (Nov. - Dec., 1990), pp. 246-251+275
Published by: Guttmacher Institute
DOI: 10.2307/2135680
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2135680
Page Count: 7
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Effects of State Welfare, Abortion and Family Planning Policies on Premarital Childbearing Among White Adolescents
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Abstract

This study develops an empirical model that measures the influence of state welfare, abortion and family planning policies on decisions concerning premarital pregnancy, abortion and single parenthood. Data are based on the fertility and marital experiences of white females from the three youngest cohorts of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, for 1979-1986. The results show that laws restricting contraceptive availability are associated with a higher risk of pregnancy. Restrictive policies on public funding of abortions reduce the likelihood of abortion, while greater availability of abortion services is associated with a higher likelihood that adolescents will obtain abortions. Finally, the estimates indicate that higher welfare benefits reduce the probability that pregnant adolescents will marry before bearing their children.

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