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Social Support and Outcome in Teenage Pregnancy

R. Jay Turner, Carl F. Grindstaff and Norman Phillips
Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Vol. 31, No. 1 (Mar., 1990), pp. 43-57
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2137044
Page Count: 15
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Social Support and Outcome in Teenage Pregnancy
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Abstract

This paper presents information on the role and significance of social support for the occurrence of health and birth problems among adolescent mothers and their babies. Pregnant teenagers (N = 268) were interviewed during the course of pregnancy and again approximately four weeks after delivery, and hospital records were abstracted. The significance of family support, friend support, and partner support, assessed during the pregnancy, were examined in relation to infant and mother outcomes assessed at or after the birth. Infant outcome was indexed by birth weight, with gestational age controlled; mother outcome in terms of psychological adaptation was indexed by depressive symptomatology among adolescent mothers. Socioeconomic background was found to influence relationships between social support and both infant and mother outcomes.

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