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Demographic Shocks After Communism: Eastern Germany, 1989-93

Nicholas Eberstadt
Population and Development Review
Vol. 20, No. 1 (Mar., 1994), pp. 137-152
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/2137633
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2137633
Page Count: 16
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Demographic Shocks After Communism: Eastern Germany, 1989-93
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Abstract

This note reviews trends in fertility, nuptiality, and mortality between 1989 and 1993 for the population within the territory previously administered by the German Democratic Republic. The momentous political events witnessed in this region during this period (the collapse of the Berlin Wall and downfall of Communist rule; the rapid transition from centrally planned to "social market" economy; the accession through unification into the Federal Republic of Germany) find their counterpart in an upheaval of local demographic trends. During the years in question, Eastern German fertility rates underwent an extraordinary decline. Marriage rates were similarly affected. Perhaps most unexpectedly, age-specific mortality rates for many male and female age groups appear to have risen--this, despite ostensible increases in per capita consumption and improvements in medical services owing to unification.

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