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The Impact of Women's Employment and Education on Contraceptive use and Abortion in Kinshasa, Zaire
David Shapiro and B. Oleko Tambashe
Studies in Family Planning
Vol. 25, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 1994), pp. 96-110
Published by: Population Council
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2138087
Page Count: 15
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This report examines contraceptive behavior and abortion among women residing in Kinshasa, Zaire's capital city, with particular emphasis on women's employment and education. A data set collected in 1990 covering 2,399 women of reproductive age was used. While the practice of contraception is a common event in Kinshasa, dominated by the rhythm method, the use of modern contraceptives remains limited, but is on the rise. Induced abortion is reported by 15 percent of the ever-pregnant women in the survey. Women's employment and education are strongly linked to contraceptive use and abortion, and differences in the incidence of abortion by schooling and employment status appear to play an important role in contributing to corresponding observed differences in fertility. Modern contraceptives and induced abortion appear to be used as complementary fertility-control strategies in Kinshasa, and analyses of the findings suggest that better-educated women employed in the modern sector are most likely to be in the forefront of the contraceptive revolution.
Studies in Family Planning © 1994 Population Council