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Estimates and Explanations of Gender Differentials in Contraceptive Prevalence Rates

Alex Chika Ezeh and Gora Mboup
Studies in Family Planning
Vol. 28, No. 2 (Jun., 1997), pp. 104-121
Published by: Population Council
DOI: 10.2307/2138113
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2138113
Page Count: 18
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Estimates and Explanations of Gender Differentials in Contraceptive Prevalence Rates
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Abstract

This article examines gender differentials in the reporting of contraceptive use and offers explanations regarding the sources of these differences. Data from five countries where DHS surveys were conducted recently among men and women are used in exploring these differences. The gap exists in all five countries, with men (or husbands) reporting greater practice of contraception than women (or wives). Results from the bivariate analysis suggest that the gap is attributable to polygyny and to gender differences in how the purpose of contraception is understood, rather than to male extramarital sexual relations. Additionally, gender differences in the definition of certain contraceptive methods and differences in the interpretation of questions about contraception contribute to the observed gap. These findings are also consistent with results of the multivariate analysis.

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