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The Mediterranean Sugar Industry

J. H. Galloway
Geographical Review
Vol. 67, No. 2 (Apr., 1977), pp. 177-194
DOI: 10.2307/214019
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/214019
Page Count: 18
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The Mediterranean Sugar Industry
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Abstract

A sugar industry existed around the shores of the Mediterranean between A.D. 700-1600. It was founded as part of the Arab agricultural revolution. After an initial period of experimentation, agricultural techniques changed little, if at all. The mills continued to use techniques dating from classical times, and the only major advance was the introduction of waterpower. Toward the end of the industry, change was most marked in the organization of trade, labor, and land. In these developments, the origins of the colonial plantation system can be recognized. The decline of the industry in the eastern Mediterranean began in the fourteenth century and was caused by plague and warfare; in the western Mediterranean, the sugar industry continued to flourish until the late sixteenth century, when it succumbed to competition from Brazilain sugar.

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