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Defense Manufactures of St. Petersburg 1703-1730

Ian M. Matley
Geographical Review
Vol. 71, No. 4 (Oct., 1981), pp. 411-426
DOI: 10.2307/214506
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/214506
Page Count: 16
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Defense Manufactures of St. Petersburg 1703-1730
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Abstract

Peter the Great founded the city of St. Petersburg early in the eighteenth centry during a war with Sweden for the supremacy of the Baltic Sea. Peter established the admiralty shipyard, the Arsenal, and other armaments factories in or near the new capital to supply the armed forces. Other enterprises produced gunpwoder, sails, rope, cloth for uniforms, and leather for equipment. Obtaining supplies of iron and copper ores proved difficult. The metallurgical factories in the Lake Onega region exhausted the local ore supplies, and the government increasingly relied on supplies of metals from the distant Urals. The problem of accessibility to raw materials continues to plague Russian industry to the present.

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