Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Population Changes in Estonia, 1935-1970

Tonu Parming
Population Studies
Vol. 26, No. 1 (Mar., 1972), pp. 53-78
DOI: 10.2307/2172800
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2172800
Page Count: 26
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Population Changes in Estonia, 1935-1970
Preview not available

Abstract

Although one-half of the Soviet Union's population is ethnically non-Russian, little attention is given them in Western demography. The present study deals with population changes in Estonia, primarily during the period since its annexation by the USSR. Although Estonia is not a typical Soviet Republic demographically, it is one of the more interesting ones. The paper focuses on three phenomena: immigration; urbanization; and differential ethnic growth. It is argued that immigration is the key to understanding population changes in Estonia, since it continually brings large numbers of Russians in the fertile age groups in to the country. Between 1950 and 1959 immigration was almost as large as natural increase, and since 1959 it has been larger. Most of the immigrants are regionally concentrated and urban. Due to continuous immigration of non-Estonians, their selective age structure, and their differing marriage and fertility patterns, the Estonians are steadily heading toward a minority status. In 1934 93% of the population was Estonian; in 1945 about 95%; in 1959 75%; in 1970 68%. However, this percentage varies across the age structure. Thus, in 1959 in the 70 and older age-group 91% were Estonian, while in the 0-9 group the figure was 67%.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
53
    53
  • Thumbnail: Page 
54
    54
  • Thumbnail: Page 
55
    55
  • Thumbnail: Page 
56
    56
  • Thumbnail: Page 
57
    57
  • Thumbnail: Page 
58
    58
  • Thumbnail: Page 
59
    59
  • Thumbnail: Page 
60
    60
  • Thumbnail: Page 
61
    61
  • Thumbnail: Page 
62
    62
  • Thumbnail: Page 
63
    63
  • Thumbnail: Page 
64
    64
  • Thumbnail: Page 
65
    65
  • Thumbnail: Page 
66
    66
  • Thumbnail: Page 
67
    67
  • Thumbnail: Page 
68
    68
  • Thumbnail: Page 
69
    69
  • Thumbnail: Page 
70
    70
  • Thumbnail: Page 
71
    71
  • Thumbnail: Page 
72
    72
  • Thumbnail: Page 
73
    73
  • Thumbnail: Page 
74
    74
  • Thumbnail: Page 
75
    75
  • Thumbnail: Page 
76
    76
  • Thumbnail: Page 
77
    77
  • Thumbnail: Page 
78
    78