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Population Policies in Socialist Countries of Europe

Milos Macura
Population Studies
Vol. 28, No. 3 (Nov., 1974), pp. 369-379
DOI: 10.2307/2173635
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2173635
Page Count: 11
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Population Policies in Socialist Countries of Europe
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Abstract

The emergence, in the mid-sixties, of policies aimed at counteracting rapid fertility decline in some socialist countries of Europe is discussed in the paper. Following a summary of recent population trends and policies in nine European socialist countries, and brief comments on ideological and theoretical considerations, factors relevant to policy decision are discussed. Population policies aiming at encouraging fertility exist in five countries, viz. German Demographic Republic, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary and Czechoslovakia. Recent developments appear to include attempts to stimulate third births with measures aiming to improve economic conditions of large families, the status of women, education and restriction of induced abortion.

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