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The Proximate Determinants of Fertility: Sub-national Variations

Susheela Singh, J. B. Casterline and J. G. Cleland
Population Studies
Vol. 39, No. 1 (Mar., 1985), pp. 113-135
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2174033
Page Count: 23
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The Proximate Determinants of Fertility: Sub-national Variations
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Abstract

In this paper changes in the relative importance of the proximate determinants of fertility, as modernization increases, are analysed Educational attainment and type of place of current residence are used as indicators of modernization. We concentrate on the three most important proximate variables: marriage, contraception and breastfeeding, and the analysis is performed on 29 World Fertility Survey countries. Bongaarts's multiplicative model is used for the analysis but the primary data tapes make it possible to construct more refined estimates of the three indices than is usually possible. The patterns of the indices among the two sets of socio-economic sub-groups are considered, as well as the interrelationships of the indices. Fertility differences among the sub-groups are also decomposed to assess the contribution of the separate proximate determinants to sub-group variations in fertility.

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