Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

The Causes of Marriage Change in South India

J. C. Caldwell, P. H. Reddy and Pat Caldwell
Population Studies
Vol. 37, No. 3 (Nov., 1983), pp. 343-361
DOI: 10.2307/2174503
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2174503
Page Count: 19
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
The Causes of Marriage Change in South India
Preview not available

Abstract

The average age at marriage of women has been rising in most developing countries including India. In this paper we report on the use of case studies, surveys and anthropological methods in a rural area of South India to investigate the mechanisms involved in this change. In an area where all marriages are still arranged it was found that there had been a recent shift from bridewealth to dowry and a diminution in the proportion of all marriages occurring between relatives. The rise in the age at marriage of women was explained by a marriage squeeze resulting from changes in the age structure of the population with mortality decline, an increasing concern of parents of daughters to secure sons-in-law with education and urban occupations, and a growing concept of child dependency. There was no evidence of the rise being a conscious effort to control family size. In the immediate future some women will probably remain unmarried, but the squeeze is already being reduced by a reduction in the age gap between spouses and may be modified considerably by the end of the century as the post-1975 fertility decline affects the age structure of those of marriageable age.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
343
    343
  • Thumbnail: Page 
344
    344
  • Thumbnail: Page 
345
    345
  • Thumbnail: Page 
346
    346
  • Thumbnail: Page 
347
    347
  • Thumbnail: Page 
348
    348
  • Thumbnail: Page 
349
    349
  • Thumbnail: Page 
350
    350
  • Thumbnail: Page 
351
    351
  • Thumbnail: Page 
352
    352
  • Thumbnail: Page 
353
    353
  • Thumbnail: Page 
354
    354
  • Thumbnail: Page 
355
    355
  • Thumbnail: Page 
356
    356
  • Thumbnail: Page 
357
    357
  • Thumbnail: Page 
358
    358
  • Thumbnail: Page 
359
    359
  • Thumbnail: Page 
360
    360
  • Thumbnail: Page 
361
    361