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Change-Points in Nonparametric Regression Analysis

Hans-Georg Muller
The Annals of Statistics
Vol. 20, No. 2 (Jun., 1992), pp. 737-761
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2241981
Page Count: 25
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Change-Points in Nonparametric Regression Analysis
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Abstract

Estimators for location and size of a discontinuity or change-point in an otherwise smooth regression model are proposed. The assumptions needed are much weaker than those made in parametric models. The proposed estimators apply as well to the detection of discontinuities in derivatives and therefore to the detection of change-points of slope and of higher order curvature. The proposed estimators are based on a comparison of left and right one-sided kernel smoothers. Weak convergence of a stochastic process in local differences to a Gaussian process is established for properly scaled versions of estimators of the location of a change-point. The continuous mapping theorem can then be invoked to obtain asymptotic distributions and corresponding rates of convergence for change-point estimators. These rates are typically faster than n-1/2. Rates of global Lp convergence of curve estimates with appropriate kernel modifications adapting to estimated change-points are derived as a consequence. It is shown that these rates of convergence are the same as if the location of the change-point was known. The methods are illustrated by means of the well known data on the annual flow volume of the Nile river between 1871 and 1970.

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