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The Ecology of a Montane Grassland in Sri Lanka: I. Quantitative Description of the Vegetation

M. A. Pemadasa and L. Amarasinghe
Journal of Ecology
Vol. 70, No. 1 (Mar., 1982), pp. 1-15
DOI: 10.2307/2259860
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2259860
Page Count: 15
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The Ecology of a Montane Grassland in Sri Lanka: I. Quantitative Description of the Vegetation
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Abstract

(1) The ecology of montane grassland on five hillsides in the south-central highlands of Sri Lanka was investigated using association-analysis and reciprocal averaging ordination. (2) The vegetational and environmental diversity within the grassland is considerable; the different hillsides are phytosociologically distinct and there is remarkable variation in the floristic composition on each hillside. (3) The diversity is related to various environmental factors of which altitude, aspect, micro-climate, soil, and the degree of human interference are shown to be the most important.

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