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Publication Decisions and Their Possible Effects on Inferences Drawn from Tests of Significance--Or Vice Versa
Theodore D. Sterling
Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 54, No. 285 (Mar., 1959), pp. 30-34
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2282137
Page Count: 5
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There is some evidence that in fields where statistical tests of significance are commonly used, research which yields nonsignificant results is not published. Such research being unknown to other investigators may be repeated independently until eventually by chance a significant result occurs-an "error of the first kind"-and is published. Significant results published in these fields are seldom verified by independent replication. The possibility thus arises that the literature of such a field consists in substantial part of false conclusions resulting from errors of the first kind in statistical tests of significance.
Journal of the American Statistical Association © 1959 American Statistical Association