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Cointegration Tests of Present Value Models with a Time-Varying Discount Factor

Allan Timmermann
Journal of Applied Econometrics
Vol. 10, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1995), pp. 17-31
Published by: Wiley
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2284940
Page Count: 15
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Cointegration Tests of Present Value Models with a Time-Varying Discount Factor
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Abstract

The paper analyses the impact of persistence and volatility in the discount rate in present-value models on cointegration tests in levels and in logarithms. In simulations we find that the probability of not rejecting the null of no cointegration depends on the persistence of the discount rate process and can be very high when the expected returns process is highly persistent. In contrast, the cointegration tests are very robust with respect to the level of volatility in the discount rate. We discuss the relevance of our findings for the US stock market where standard ADF tests do not reject the null of no cointegration between stock prices and dividends. Based on estimates of persistence in four asset pricing models, we find that a model which links expected returns to the dividend yield is sufficiently persistent to explain the failure of rejecting the null that stock prices and dividends are not cointegrated.

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