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Partial Least Squares Regression on Smooth Factors

Constantinos Goutis and Tom Fearn
Journal of the American Statistical Association
Vol. 91, No. 434 (Jun., 1996), pp. 627-632
DOI: 10.2307/2291658
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2291658
Page Count: 6
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Partial Least Squares Regression on Smooth Factors
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Abstract

In this article we present a modification of partial least squares regression to account for inherent nonexchangeabilities of the columns of the design matrix. In chemometrics applications it is common to write the matrix as a bilinear form of latent variables and loadings. These loadings are often interpreted as sampled values of functions; hence they should exhibit a degree of smoothness. Our method forces the partial least squares factors to be smooth, by using a roughness penalty motivated by nonparametric regression. We present a computational method to determine the loadings that guarantees a desired orthogonality at successive steps. We propose a cross-validatory choice of the smoothing parameter and the number of loadings. We illustrate the algorithm by an example and describe our experience with real data.

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