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WHY CAN'T WE BE FRIENDS: THE ROLE OF RELIGIOUS CONGREGATION-BASED SOCIAL CONTACT FOR CLOSE INTERRACIAL ADOLESCENT FRIENDSHIPS

CARLOS DANIEL TAVARES
Review of Religious Research
Vol. 52, No. 4 (June 2011), pp. 439-453
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23055571
Page Count: 15
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
WHY CAN'T WE BE FRIENDS: THE ROLE OF RELIGIOUS CONGREGATION-BASED SOCIAL CONTACT FOR CLOSE INTERRACIAL ADOLESCENT FRIENDSHIPS
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Abstract

I explore the role of congregational racial composition on adolescent interracial friendships. I hope to make two contributions. (1) Since little is known about adolescents in multiracial congregations, by focusing on them I add to this line of inquiry. (2) I suggest that those interested in adolescent interracial friendships need to pay attention to the racial composition of adolescent religious congregations. I use contact theory and hypothesize that adolescents attending multiracial congregations are more likely to have a close interracial friendship than those attending uniracial congregations. I also expect increased interracial social contact in schools and neighborhoods to increase the likelihood of adolescent close interracial friendships. I use National Study for Youth and Religion Wave (NSYR) 1 data. The findings suggest that increased interracial social contact in religious congregations has a significant positive effect on close adolescent interracial friendships. School racial composition also has a positive effect, but neighborhood is not significant.

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