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Thrombocytopenia and erythrocytosis in mice with a mutation in the gene encoding the hemoglobin β minor chain
Maria Kauppi, Adrienne A. Hilton, Donald Metcalf, Ashley P. Ng, Craig D. Hyland, Janelle E. Collinge, Benjamin T. Kile, Douglas J. Hilton and Warren S. Alexander
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 109, No. 2 (January 10, 2012), pp. 576-581
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23076014
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Hemoglobins, Polycythemia, Thrombocytopenia, Genetic mutation, Platelets, Oxygen, Mice, Megakaryocytes, Erythrocytes, Bone marrow
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Diverse mutations in the genes encoding hemoglobin (Hb) have been characterized in human disease. We describe here a mutation in the mouse Hbb-b2 gene, denoted Plt12, that precisely mimics the human hemoglobin Hotel Dieu variant. The mutation results in increased affinity of Hb for oxygen and Plt12 mutant mice exhibited reduced partial pressure of O2 in the blood, accompanied by erythrocytosis characterized by elevated erythropoietin levels and splenomegaly with excess erythropoiesis. Most homozygous Hbb-b2Plt12/Plt12 mice succumbed to early lethality associated with emphysema, cardiac abnormalities, and liver degeneration. Survivors displayed a marked thrombocytopenia without significant deficiencies in the numbers of megakaryocytes or megakaryocyte progenitor cells. The lifespan of platelets in the circulation of Hbb-b2Plt12/Plt12 mice was normal, and splenectomy did not correct the thrombocytopenia, suggesting that increased sequestration was unlikely to be a major contributor. These data, together with the observation that megakaryocytes in Hbb-b2Plt12/Plt12 mice appeared smaller and deficient in cytoplasm, support a model in which hypoxia causes thrombocytopenia as a consequence of an inability of megakaryocytes, once formed, to properly mature and produce sufficient platelets. The Plt12 mouse is a model of high O2-affinity hemoglobinopathy and provides insights into hematopoiesis under conditions of chronic hypoxia.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2012 National Academy of Sciences