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Union Discourse and Perceived Violation of Contract: A Social Contract-Based Approach

Dominique Peyrat-Guillard
Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations
Vol. 63, No. 3, La relation d'emploi: état actuel de la question / The Employment Relationship: Current Research Avenues (2008 SUMMER), pp. 479-501
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23077503
Page Count: 23
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Union Discourse and Perceived Violation of Contract: A Social Contract-Based Approach
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Abstract

This article proposes a study of the violation of contract process through a case study. The study is based on a discourse of the union, SUD Michelin, which is contrasted both with those of another union, the CFE-CGC Michelin and of the senior management of the corporation. The results highlight the possibility of applying Morrison and Robinson's (1997) Psychological Contract Violation model at the social contract level. The emotional reactions appearing in the literature, which are associated with contract violations, can be seen in the union discourse of the SUD. The other union does not perceive any breach of contract. These differences may be attributed to the very nature of social contracts—relational in the first case, and more balanced in the second. Este artículo propone estudiar el proceso de violación de contrato a través de un estudio de caso. El análisis se basa en el discurso del sindicato Sud Michelin, que es visto en paralelo a la vez al discurso de otro sindicato, la CFE-CGC Michelin y al de la Dirección de esta empresa. Los resultados enfatizan la transposición posible del modelo de violación del contrato sicológico de Morrison y Robison (1997) a nivel del contrato social. Las reacciones emocionales asociadas en la literatura a la violación de contrato se encuentran en el discurso sindical Sud. La violación de contrato no es percibida por el otro sindicato. Estas diferencias pueden ser explicadas por la naturaleza del contrato social, relacional en el primer caso, más equilibrada en el segundo caso.

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