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Absence Culture: The Effects of Union Membership Status and Union-Management Climate

Roderick D. Iverson, Donna M. Buttigieg and Catherine Maguire
Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations
Vol. 58, No. 3 (2003 SUMMER), pp. 483-514
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23078076
Page Count: 32
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Absence Culture: The Effects of Union Membership Status and Union-Management Climate
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Abstract

Drawing from Nicholson and Johns (1985) typology of absence culture (N = 460 from 43 work groups), we found that greater similarity in union membership status between co-workers was associated with a lowering of a member's absence culture, as was a more harmonious union-management (UM) climate. In addition, greater similarity in union membership was related to a lowered absence culture when the UM climate was perceived to be positive. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings for understanding the social context in which the absence culture of union members is engendered are discussed. Sobre la base de la tipología de cultura de ausencia de Nicholson y Johns (1985), (N= 460 provenientes de 43 grupos de trabajo), concluimos que la gran semejanza de estatuto de miembro sindical entre colegas del grupo está asociada a la disminución continua de la cultura de ausencia de los miembros, e igualmente a un clima patronal-laboral mas harmonioso. Además, la gran semejanza de membrecía sindical apareció relacionada a una cultura de ausencia reducida cuando el clima patronal laboral fue percibido como positivo. Las implicancias teóricas y practicas de estos resultados para la comprensión del contexto social en el que se engendra la culture de ausencia de los miembros del sindicato, fueron también discutidos.

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