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An Exploratory Study Investigating Leader and Follower Characteristics at U.S. Healthcare Organizations

Susan D. Baker, Christopher J. Mathis and Susan Stites-Doe
Journal of Managerial Issues
Vol. 23, No. 3 (Fall 2011), pp. 341-363
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23209120
Page Count: 23
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
An Exploratory Study Investigating Leader and Follower Characteristics at U.S. Healthcare Organizations
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Abstract

This paper proposes that followers have the ability to share the leadership role. Informed by both transformational leadership and active followership literatures, a sample of 200 American healthcare employees responded to field surveys, and results were analyzed using path analysis. The findings reveal that followers engage in behaviors that are associated with both exemplary leadership and with effective followership; these joint performance characteristics are significantly related in the findings and support the importance of the research. This process of role sharing may suggest a method for predicting the emergence of leadership in followers who are particularly well-suited for the duality of their roles by virtue of having performed the role of follower very well. Implications and limitations of the study are discussed and avenues of future research are identified.

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