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Gsp1 Triggers the Sexual Developmental Program Including Inheritance of Chloroplast DNA and Mitochondrial DNA in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Yoshiki Nishimura, Toshiharu Shikanai, Soichi Nakamura, Maki Kawai-Yamada and Hirofumi Uchimiya
The Plant Cell
Vol. 24, No. 6 (JUNE 2012), pp. 2401-2414
Published by: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23264465
Page Count: 14
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The isogamous green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii has emerged as a premier model for studying the genetic regulation of fertilization and sexual development. A key regulator is known to be a homeoprotein gene, GAMETE-SPECIFIC PLUS1 (GSP1), which triggers the zygotic program. In this study, we isolated a mutant, biparental31 (bp31), which lacks GSP1. bp31 mt+ gametes fuse normally to form zygotes, but the sexual development of the resulting diploid cell is arrested and pellicle/zygospore/tetrad formation is abolished. The uniparental inheritance of chloroplast (cp) and mitochondrial (mt) DNA (cytoplasmic inheritance) was also impaired. bp31 has a deletion of ∼60 kb on chromosome 2, including GSP1. The mutant phenotype was not rescued by transformation with GSP1 alone but could be rescued by the cotransformation with GSP1 and another gene, INOSITOL MONOPHOSPHATASE-LIKE1, which is involved in various cellular processes, including the phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway. This study confirms the importance of Gsp1 in mediating the zygotic program, including the uniparental inheritance of cp/mtDNA. Moreover, the results also suggest a role for inositol metabolism in the sexual developmental program.
The Plant Cell © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)