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THE UNIQUENESS OF NATIONAL INSURANCE IN ISRAEL / ייחודו של הביטוח הלאומי בישראל

גיורא לוטן
Social Security (Hebrew edition) / ביטחון סוציאלי
חוברת‎ 6/7 (תמוז תשל"ד, יולי 1974), pp. 5-10
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23270306
Page Count: 6
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THE UNIQUENESS OF NATIONAL INSURANCE IN ISRAEL / ייחודו של הביטוח הלאומי בישראל
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Abstract

The author indicates some of the special features of national insurance in Israel by comparing it with the social insurance laws, regulations and services in other countries of the world. Despite the existence of a certain universality in the insurance systems of other countries, national differences are to be found according to the different character and special needs of the countries' populations. In terms of the technique of social insurance legislation, Israel's National Insurance Law is distinguished by the fact that up to now all insurance branches have been included within the framework of the original law and by virtue of this fact the uniform framework of the legislation has been preserved. The unification of all insurance branches in one law has many advantages: it saves quarrels between those responsible for the various branches, it makes it easier to gain a general view of the insurees, it simplifies the administration and reduces its costs. When observing the specific path of Israel in the field of social insurance we naturally encounter the needs of the new immigrants. The author surveys what has been done in this sphere within the framework of the National Insurance's services and he compares it to the present situation in the various insurance branches in other countries. One after the other, the author describes all the special social trends to be found among Israeli legislators which were realized within the framework of the State's social insurance. He indicates the positive trends of the social benefit, discusses the vocational training of widows and orphans, the extension of the Law of Compensation to the victims of all enemy action, the application of work injury insurance to the self-employed; praises the special services in the field of maternity insurance and does not overlook any important innovation that characterizes our social insurance. It is difficult to summarize the uniqueness of the Israeli law in one common denominator. However, the aspiration to take into consideration the needs of the new immigrants, the desire for a universal type of law, mutual assistance and aid for the weak may be said to be its main features.

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