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Inferring Trade Direction from Intraday Data

Charles M. C. Lee and Mark J. Ready
The Journal of Finance
Vol. 46, No. 2 (Jun., 1991), pp. 733-746
Published by: Wiley for the American Finance Association
DOI: 10.2307/2328845
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2328845
Page Count: 14
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Inferring Trade Direction from Intraday Data
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Abstract

This paper evaluates alternative methods for classifying individual trades as market buy or market sell orders using intraday trade and quote data. We document two potential problems with quote-based methods of trade classification: quotes may be recorded ahead of trades that triggered them, and trades inside the spread are not readily classifiable. These problems are analyzed in the context of the interaction between exchange floor agents. We then propose and test relatively simple procedures for improving trade classifications.

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