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Bus Rapid Transit in China

KARL FJELLSTROM
Built Environment (1978-)
Vol. 36, No. 3, Bus Rapid Transit: A Public Transport Renaissance (2010), pp. 363-374
Published by: Alexandrine Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23289725
Page Count: 12
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Bus Rapid Transit in China
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Abstract

Over the last five years, Bus Rapid Transit has expanded faster in China than in any other region, with 320 km of BRT systems opened in thirteen cities. While these systems have impressive features, they were all relatively low capacity, low-to-medium demand systems either in peripheral corridors, or with a low demand design in central corridors; that is, until the opening of the Guangzhou BRT in February 2010. The Guangzhou BRT carries more passengers in a single direction than all the subway lines in mainland China, with the exception of the Beijing Line 2 subway, and is in many ways a generational advance on the earlier systems. This article describes the development trends of BRT in China ranging from the earliest median busway in Kunming in 1999 through to the metro-replacement level BRT in Guangzhou in 2010. It identifies a trend towards direct-service operations rather than 'trunk and feeder' operations, and finishes with a summary of key lessons learned from the Guangzhou BRT.

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